What is a Sump Pump?
A sump pump is an electrical device installed in a pit or basin designed to keep ground and rainwater from entering your home. Sump pumps send water away from your house to any place where it is no longer problematic, such as a city storm drain system or day lighted. A sump pump is by far one of the most common and important pumps within your home. These type of pumps are used where basement flooding occurs regularly, to solve dampness where the water table is above the foundation, and for precautionary measures. There are generally two types of sump pumps we use:
The pedestal has a motor that is mounted above the sump. This makes the pump easier to service, but also more conspicuous. A pedestal pump’s impeller is driven by a long, vertical extension shaft and the impeller is enclosed by housing at the base of the pump.
The submersible pump is entirely mounted inside the sump, and is sealed tight to prevent water from penetrating the electrical components. Submersible pumps will last anywhere from 5 to 15 years. These type of pumps can take up debris without clogging.
How does a Sump Pump work exactly?
Examining Figure #1 HERE, this a side view of a home sump pump installation. Notice the submersible pump is placed in the bottom of the pit. This pit or catch basin collects water throughout the perimeter of the basement via corrugated piping (also known as drain tile). This type of piping is designed to let water in through tiny weeping holes and then channel it in the desired direction based on pitch. Also, you can see that the piping is embedded in a gravel base. The gravel surrounding the drain tile piping allows ground water to flow in with ease, while eliminating debris and mud from clogging up the system. Once the water is migrated to the sump it is then discharged by the pump via the pipe stack away from the home. The pump, powered by electricity, will turn off and on based on the water level within the basin, eliminating the need for the homeowner to manually activate it.
Now looking at Figure #2 HERE, this is a bird’s eye view of a home’s basement floor, minus the concrete slab. As you can see this installation consist of corrugated piping surrounding the entire perimeter of the homes foundation. The piping is pitched to drain into the catch basin so groundwater will flow by the force of gravity. You can also see that the entire developed length of the piping is surrounded by gravel. Remember, the gravel will allow groundwater to flow with ease into our drain tile pipe, dump into the pit and then be pumped safely away from the home. With this type of installation, you as a homeowner will maximize the reduced risk of water entering your basement.
How do I know if I need a Sump Pump?
Having a plumbing specialist out to home is a sure way to determine if you are in need of a sump pump. A good plumber will take the time to look at the big picture and give you an accurate assessment of your situation. It’s very easy to over look the small things that could cause big problems. Paying for experience can really save you a time, money & headache . There are a lot of factors to take into consideration when deciding if you need a sump pump. Sometimes the water issues can be addressed just by redirecting your gutter downspouts, or simply moving a few barrels of dirt around in the yard, to help migrate water away from the home. Some situations will require a bit more work though, like the complete installation of a perimeter weeping tile system like shown above. This will require the removal and replacement of concrete, which should be done by a professional. Most newer homes already have perimeter corrugated piping installed along with a pit, so you might just need a pump added which is not near the task. Here are few questions you need to ask yourself when considering if you need a sump pump:
If you’ve answered yes to any of the above questions, give Inception Plumbing a call. We can get you scheduled in and help make sure your home will stay dry for years to come.
Pick A Pump
Inception Plumbing only uses Liberty sump pumps for our service work. Liberty Pumps have an exceptional manufacturer’s warranty and have established their credibility by providing a superior product that lasts. Liberty Pumps also provides great customer service as well, so you will have a product you can rely on. Here are a few of many we can install today.
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